I'm pleased to announce that the work I've done, together with my colleague Eugen, to get RTEMS working on the sparc64 processor architecture, has been accepted for inclusion to the RTEMS project. We've been working on porting RTEMS to sparc64 for about 9 months, and have had a functional port for about 4 months.
We started with a basic template from the 32-bit SPARC V7 port of RTEMS, and modified or replaced its code with the appropriate support for the 64-bit SPARC V9. There were quite a few changes, since we started with SPARC V7 and skipped ahead to V9. The SPARC V8 truly is somewhere between the two ports. For user-space compatibility, the processor is not substantially different; however, the privileged processor state is very different in SPARC V9, and even more so in the sun4v variant in which we were most interested. I've shared a Updated: Google Doc that contains a lot of our notes from the porting process. We started by focusing on the SPARC Niagara CPU, but have since added support for the UltraSPARC 3 CPU model and should be able to run most UltraSPARC family processors.
A description of the Board Specific Package (BSP) for the Niagara CPU can be found on the RTEMS Wiki at the http://www.rtems.com/wiki/index.php/Niagara page. I'm still working to get instructions on how to run the BSP in the M5 open source simulator, which I hinted at in my previous post about M5.
It was a fair amount of work to clean up the code to submit it to RTEMS, but it will be nice to have the code in the repository. I guess we'll see if anyone else is actually interested in using it! One nice aspect, and I think one of the reasons the RTEMS people accepted the work, is that there are no other 64-bit architectures currently supported by RTEMS. So adding the SPARC V9 processor family provides a good way to test RTEMS' 64-bit capabilities. Eugen and I did not have too much difficulty in this regard, at least from a functionality point-of-view.
Hopefully now that the port is "upstream", I can again focus on my research efforts actually using RTEMS on the sparc64, and not just getting things to work!